‘Coping with Water Scarcity’ the theme for the years’ world water day and yet we played holi (I am not against the festival nor am i to celebration) and even if we skip focus from the Holi which had liters if not millions of cubic liters of water thrown on each other.
Hope apart from the HOLI we also understand the critical factor that the drop of water has in our lives.
This year it is sanitation that captures the world water day. I read somewhere that the next world war would obviously be water war.
There are a million homes that are craving for a few drops of the precious liquid called water traveling miles for the same. Be it in AP, UP, MP, HP or Manipur and many other places in other parts of India and the world. So what do we do.
Play this game before u go into serious stuff….
- More than 2.6 million people – roughly 40 percent of the world’s population – lack what most of us take for granted: a toilet.
- Safe drinking water and adequate sanitation are crucial for poverty reduction, crucial for sustainable development, and crucial for achieving any and every one of the Millennium Development Goals
- The estimated $10 billion annual cost to halve the proportion of people without basic sanitation by 2015 (this is the sanitation MDG target)l is modest and affordable
- This sum is less than 1% of world military spending in 2005, one-third of the estimated global spending on bottled water, or about as much as Europeans spend on ice cream each year.
- At present, each year more than 200 million tonnes of human waste – and vast quantities of waste water and solid waste – go uncollected and untreated around the world, fouling the environment and exposing millions of people to disease and squalor.
- a recent WHO study, every dollar spent on improving sanitation generates an average economic benefit of $7
- Today 2.6 billion people, including almost one billion children, live without even basic sanitation. Every 20 seconds, a child dies as a result of poor sanitation. That’s 1.5 million preventable deaths each year.
- Every year, nearly 11 million children die from preventable causes before reaching their fifth birthday. Millions more survive only to face diminished futures, unable to develop to their full potential.
- By 2025, it is expected that 3.4 billion people will be living in countries defined as
- food It takes about 3,000 litres of water to produce our daily food ration, about
1,000 times what we need for drinking purposes
- environment Water-related disasters such as tsunamis, floods and droughts are the second most frequent and devastating natural disasters after windstorms
- disaster prevention Between 1991 and 2000,over 665,000 people died in 2,557 natural disasters, of which 90 per cent were water-related events energy
- Hydro-power supplies at least 50 per cent of electricity production in 66 countries, and
19 per cent in 24 countries.
- Worldwide, small hydropower development is expected to grow by a further 60 per cent by 2010
- trans-boundary water issues One hundred and forty-five nations have territory within a transboundary basin, and 21 lie entirely within one. In the last half century, approximately 200 treaties have been signed concerning transboundary water basins
- culture In nearly all the world’s major religions, water is attributed important symbolic and ceremonial properties
- sanitation One dollar invested in water supply and sanitation can provide an economic return of up to 34 times, depending on the region
- pollution In developing countries, more than 90 per cent of sewage and 70 per cent of industrial wastewater is dumped untreated into surface
- agriculture Irrigation increases yields of most crops by 100 to 400 per cent.Over the next 30 years, 70 per cent of gains in cereal production will come from irrigated land.